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The earliest Varaha images are found in Mathura and date back to the 1st and 2nd century CE. The cult of Varaha seems to have been popular in the Gupta Era (4th-6th Century) in Central India, considering the large number of Varaha sculptures and inscriptions found. In the first millennium, the boar was worshipped as a symbol of virility. The Chalukya Dynasty (543–753) was the first dynasty to adopt Varaha in their crest and minted coins with Varaha on it. The portrayal of the anthropomorphic Varaha is similar to the fourth Narasimha avatar (portrayed as a lion-headed man), who is the first avatar of Maha Vishnu that is not completely animal. The main difference in the anthropomorphic form portrayal is that the first two avatars -- Matsya ( Fish) and Kurma (Turtle) of the Hindu God Maha Vishnu are depicted with a torso of a man and the bottom half as animal, while Varaha has an animal (boar) head and a human body.


Poompuhar’s craftsmen of Indian origin ensure that their skilled workmanship literally transport the Varaha to the room. The sculpture may not resemble a boar realistically, and may have his features altered for stylistic purposes. The earth, personified as the goddess Bhudevi, clings to one of Varaha's tusks. In keeping with the tradition, two tuskers adorn the gateway alongside the Varahamoorthy as extra fitments as elephants in sculptures are construed as symbols of imperial dignity and power. The intricate inlaid designs on the Rose wood tuskers are nothing short of fine hallmarks of craftsmanship. The wooden pieces of art are finally coated with a finish of wooden lacquer for that rich, shiny, elegant appearance before they get mounted alongside, accordingly to the right and left of the Varahamoorthy. Varaha was originally described as a form of Brahma, but later on was crystallized as the avatar of Maha Vishnu.


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